The Deportation of Ottoman Greeks: Gallipoli, Dardanelles and evirons, 1915.

American Embassy Constantinople report. File 867.4016/123.
August 10, 1915. 11 pages.

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The following American Embassy document dispatched from Constantinople and dated August 1915 is signed by U.S Ambassador to the Ottoman Empire Henry Morgenthau Senior who details the persecution of Greeks from Gallipoli (Gelibolu), the Dardanelles and Coutali (Ekinlik), the island of Marmora and Calolimno, the Greeks of Pyrgos (Kemerburgaz) and the Greeks of Büyükdere. These Greeks were persecuted beginning in March-April of 1915. They were ordered to leave their homes and businesses on short notice and deported to the interior of of Asia Minor where they were scattered among Muslim villages.

 

Placenames mentioned in document:

Gallipoli (Trk: Gelibolu, Grk: Καλλίπολις)
Dardanelles Straits (Trk: Çanakkale Boğazı) formerly Hellespont.
Dardanelles town (Trk: Çanakkale)
Coutali or Koutali Island (Trk: Ekinlik)
Marmora Island (Trk: Marmara Adasi)
Calolimno or Kalolimno Island is situated east of Marmora opposite the classical Rhyndacus River (Trk: Mustafakemalpasa River).
Pyrgos (Trk: Kemerburgaz) in the Eyüp district. 25km NW of Constantinople (Trk: Istanbul)
Buyuk Dere is located 13 km east of Pyrgos. 

 

Further Reading:

Persecution of the Greeks in Turkey since the Beginning of the European War.
Persecution of the Greeks in Turkey, 1914-1918.
Deutschland über Allah! Germany, Gallipoli and The Great War.
The Tragedy of the Sea of Marmora

 

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