Bibliography

STUDY GUIDE

 

BOOKS, DOCUMENTS AND OTHER READING MATERIAL

The Tragedy of the Sea of Marmora : how the Greeks of Marmora were expelled from their homes and scattered among the villages around Kermasti or the unwritten testament of the Greeks who were forced to embrace Mohamedanism.
Relief Committee for Greeks of Asia Minor, 1918?


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The Deportations in Asia Minor, 1921-1922.
By Mark H. Ward, M.D.
London 1922.


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Memorandum presented by the Greek members of the Turkish Parliament to the American Commission on Mandates over Turkey.
Published by the American–Hellenic Society Inc. Columbia University, New York, 1919.

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The Black Book of the Sufferings of the Greek people in Turkey from the Armistice to the end of 1920

Constantinople. Press of the Patriarchate,  1920

View at slv.vic.gov.au

 

 

Persecution and Extermination of the Communities of Macri and Livissi (1914-1918).

Imprimerie Chaix, Rue Bergère, Paris 1919.

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Black Book: The Tragedy of Pontus 1914-1922. Livre Noir: La Tragedie Du Pont 1914-1922.

Edition of the Central Council of Pontus. Athens 1922.


Download from archive.org

 

 

Turkish Atrocities in Asia Minor: Speech of Hon. William H. King of Utah in the Senate of the United States. December 22, 1921.

Washington 1922

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The Liberation of the Greek People in Turkey: An Appeal Issued by the London Committee of Unredeemed Greeks.

Norbury, Natzio and Co Ltd, Manchester and London 1919

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The Turkish Atrocities in the Black Sea Territories: Copy of Letter of His Grace Germanos, Lord Archbishop of Amassia and Samsoun.

Norbury, Natzio and Co, Manchester 1919.

Download from archive.org

 

Persecution of the Greeks in Turkey Before the European War

Oxford University Press, New York, 1919.

Download from archive.org

 

 

Persecution of the Greeks in Turkey, 1914-1918.

Greek Patriarchate, Constantinople 1919.

Download from archive.org

 

 

Persecution of the Greeks in Turkey since the Beginning of the European War.

Oxford University Press, New York 1918.

Download from archive.org

 

 

The Martyrdom of Smyrna and Eastern Christendom. A file of overwhelming evidence, denouncing the misdeeds of the Turks in Asia and showing their responsibility for the horrors of Smyrna.

George Allen and Unwin, London 1922.

Download from archive.org

 

 

Oi Diogmoi ton Ellinon tou Pontou (1908-1918). Basei ton anekdoton eggrafon ton kratikon archeion tis Austro-Ouggarias.

Syllogos Pontion Argonautai Komninoi, 1962.

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The Pontus Question: Memorandum submitted to the Peace Conference on March 10, 1920.

Pontus Delegation, London-Hesperia Press, 1920.

Download at archive.org

 

 

OTHER DOCUMENTS

 

 

GENOCIDE IN THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE
Armenians, Assyrians, and Greeks, 1913-1923
Edited by George N. Shirinian
Berghahn Books 2017.

 

The final years of the Ottoman Empire were catastrophic ones for its non-Turkish, non-Muslim minorities. From 1913 to 1923, its rulers deported, killed, or otherwise persecuted staggering numbers of citizens in an attempt to preserve “Turkey for the Turks,” setting a modern precedent for how a regime can commit genocide in pursuit of political ends while largely escaping accountability. While this brutal history is most widely known in the case of the Armenian genocide, few appreciate the extent to which the Empire’s Assyrian and Greek subjects suffered and died under similar policies. This comprehensive volume is the first to broadly examine the genocides of the Armenians, Assyrians, and Greeks in comparative fashion, analyzing the similarities and differences among them and giving crucial context to present-day calls for recognition.

 

CONTENTS

PART I: CONTEXTS

Chapter 1. The Background to the Late Ottoman Genocides, George N. Shirinian
Chapter 2. Convulsions at the End of Empire: Thrace, Asia Minor, and the Aegean, Dikran Kaligian
Chapter 3. Assyrians in the Ottoman Empire and the Official Turkish Policy of Their Extermination, 1890s-1918, Anahit Khosroyeva

PART II: DOCUMENTATION AND EYEWITNESS ACCOUNTS

Chapter 4. Considering Genocide Testimony: Three Case Studies, Paul Bartrop
Chapter 5. The Assyrian Issue 1914-1935: Australian Documents and Press, Stavros Stavridis
Chapter 6. American Women, Massacres, and the Admiral: Deep in Anatolia during the Turkish Nationalist Revolution, Robert Shenk
Chapter 7. Found in Translation: Eyewitness Accounts of the Massacres in Nicomedia as Reported by Greek Journalist Kostas Faltaits, Eleni Phufas
Chapter 8. The Destruction of Smyrna in 1922: An Armenian and Greek Shared Tragedy, Tehmine Martoyan

PART III: LEGACIES AND INTERPRETATIONS

Chapter 9. Lemkin on Three Genocides: Comparing His Writings on the Armenian, Assyrian and Greek Genocides, Steven Leonard Jacobs
Chapter 10. The Ottoman Genocide of the Armenians and Greeks: The Similarities and Structural Peculiarities, Gevorg Vardanyan
Chapter 11. The Genocide of the Ottoman Greeks 1913-1923: Myths and Facts, Thea Halo
Chapter 12. Redeeming the Unredeemed: The Anglo-Hellenic League's Campaign for the Greeks in Asia Minor, Georgia Kouta
Chapter 13. Genocide by Deportation into Poverty: Western Diplomats on Ottoman Christian Killings and Expulsions, 1914-1924, Hannibal Travis
Chapter 14. The Socio-Psychological Dimension of the Armenian Genocide, Suren Manukyan


 

LA FIN DE SMYRNE
Du cosmopolitisme aux nationalismes
Hervé Georgelin
CNRS Éditions
Paris 2005.

This volume primarily analyzes the unique social aspects of late Ottoman Smyrna. The final chapter critically assesses the city's violent and deadly destruction by the Kemalist forces.

Availability

TURKISH PERSECUTION OF GREEKS

THE TIMES. 18TH APRIL 1914. PAGE 7

4,000 REFUGEES AT HERACLEA.
(FROM OUR CORRESPONDENT)

ATHENS, APRIL 17.

After all deductions have been made to cover for exaggeration, there is abundant evidence to show that the Turks are subjecting the Greeks in Thrace and at Smyrna to systematic persecution in order to bring about their emigration. Approximately 4,000 refugees are now concentrated at Heraclea, of whom 1,000 have already embarked. The boycott of Greeks and of Greek merchandise in the environs of Smyrna is being prosecuted with increasing vigour and is doing considerable damage to European commercial interests.

 

 

PERSECUTION OF GREEKS
WOMEN AND CHILDREN MASSACRED

Wairarapa Age, 19 May 1914, p5.

SOFIA, May 18.
According to official reports, the persecution of Greeks in Eastern Thrace have been renewed with extreme vigor.
Crowds of Greek peasants from Demotica have arrived at Dedeagatch and they report that their wives and children were massacred.
Others crossed the Marimza [Maritza] River in boats, with Turks firing on them. Many were drowned.

Source: The National Library of New Zealand

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Quote #1

David Lloyd George - Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

“...tens of thousands of men, women and children have been deported, and tens of thousands have died. It was pure deliberate extermination.” 

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