Edward Hale Bierstadt was Executive Secretary of the Emergency Committee for Near East Refugees in 1923, one of the main groups that assisted the survivor-refugees of the massacres and expulsions. In this book (a reprint of the 1924 edition) Bierstadt chronicles aspects of the destruction and extermination of the Christian populations of Asia Minor, the Greeks, the Armenians and the Assyrians, first by the Union and Progress cabal under the Ottomans, and then by the forces of Kemal Ataturk.

First published in 1924, author Edward Hale Bierstadt exposes the rivalries and competing economic interests of the Allied Powers in the aftermath of World War I, how the Allied Powers failed to demand from Turkey the protection of her Christian minorities, and how they chose to negotiate economic treaties rather than hold her accountable for the slaughter of her own citizens. Bierstadt's book is drawn from his experiences as the executive of the US Emergency Committee that provided aid and assistance to refugees displaced by Turkish Kemalists.

Quotes from the book:

The nations want oil, because oil means money, and because it may well prove to be a deciding factor in another war. The minorities, the Armenians and the Ottoman Greeks, were either dead or in exile, destitute, naked and starving, and the public of America was straining every nerve for their relief. But, in the face of this, our representative at Lausanne was instructed to negotiate an economic treaty with Turkey. Our solemn promises to the Armenian people and to the Greek nation were set aside in favour of commercial relations."

"At Lausanne the private economic interests of the great Powers, those interests which had or hoped to have some investment in Asia Minor, requested their governments to instruct the representatives at the Conference to see that they were fully protected."

"The (Lausanne) treaty was signed in oil and sealed with the blood of Greeks and Armenians.



Quote #2

Winston Churchill (1874-1965) - British Statesman

“... Mustapha Kemal's Army ... celebrated their triumph by the burning of Smyrna to ashes and by a vast massacre of its Christian population...”

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