KILLING BY TURKS HAS BEEN RENEWED
American Says They Plan to Exterminate the Christians in Asia Minor.
EXPEL NEAR EAST WORKERS.
They Have Deported Major Yowell and Associates From Harpoot - Thousands of Greeks Killed.
The New York Times.
May 6, 1922.
PARIS, May 5. - That the Turks are
planning fresh atrocities against the
Armenians and other non-Turkish popu-
lations of Asia Minor is charged by
Major Yowell of the Near East Relief,
who has just been violently deported
without reason. Major Yowell, whose
home is in Washingtom, cables THE
NEW YORK TIMES correspondent that he
and Dr. Mark Ward of New York and
Dr. Ruth Parmalee of Boston arrived
in Constantinople yesterday after hav-
ing been expelled by the Turks from
Harpoot, where they were in charge of
the Near East Relief.
"The American deportartions," says
Major Yowell, "are the culmination of
a long series of unfriendly acts by the
Turks, and are the prelude to fresh
Turkish outrages against all the remain-
ing non-Turkish populations in Asia
Minor. Unless outside interference
comes soon the final chapter in the his-
tory of Asia Minor minoriites will short-
ly be complete.
"I have been Director of American
relief work in Harpoot since October. I
was arrested March 5 for reasons which
the Turkish officials refused to divulge
and forcibly deported from the country,
preceded by my three chief assistants,
who were informally notified that un-
less they left the country they would
be forcibly deported. We were nearly
two months reaching Constantinople.
"All the twenty American relief work-
ers in the Harpoot district have been
consistently treated by the Turkish offi-
cials with the utmost discourtesy and in-
justice despite the fact that they were
doing a large relief work for Moslem
orphans and refugees as well as for
Christians. Our 200-bed hospital was
operated virtually under the orders of
"The Armenians in this district are
now in a state of virtual slavery. They
are not permitted to travel even within
the country and they are absolutely for-
bidden to leave the country. Since I
have been in Harpoot I have been com-
pelled to return $75,000 to people in
America who have forwarded it to pay
the travelling expenses of relatives de-
siring to leave the country.
"All the property of the Armenians who
died in the deportations has been con-
fiscated by the Turks. Armenians have
no rights in the courts. A recent Turk-
ish law prevents any Armenians from
inheriting property except from a father
or brother; all other properties go to
the Government. If the rightful heirs
are deported to any other district they
are prevented from taking possession by
the law which forbids them to travel.
"Armenian men and boys are thrown
into jail without any reason except to
extort money. Armenian women today
are being forced into Moslem homes
without the right of appeal to any
tribunal. The Turkish officials, who are
six months behind in their salaries,
state frankly that the only way they
can get money is by blackmailing
"The condition of the Greek minorities
is even worse than that of the Armeni-
ans. The sufferings of the Greeks de-
ported from the districts behind the bat-
tle front are terrible and stil l continue.
These deportees began to reach Harpoot
before my arrival in October. Of 30,000
who left Sivas 5,000 died before reaching
Harpoot. One of the American relief
workers saw 5,000 bodies on the road to
Harpoot. Two thousand died on the
roads east of Harpoot.
"The Near East Relief has been gi-
ving aid to these refugees at stations lo-
cated along the road from Sivas to Diar-
bekir. No American is permitted east
of Diarbekir. All along the route the
Turks are permitted to visit the refugee
groups and select women and girls whom
they desire for any purpose.
"The deportations are still in pro-
gress. If American aid is withdrawn,
all will perish. Their whole route to-
day is strewn with the bodies of dead,
being consumed by dogs, wolves and
vultures. The Turks make no effort
to bury these dead, and the deportees
are permitted to do so. The chief causes
of death are starvation, dysentery and
"The Turkish authorities frankly
state their deliberate intention to exter-
minate the Greeks, and all their actions
support these statements.
"At the present time fresh deporta-
tions and outrages are starting in all
parts of Asia Minor, from the northern
seaports to the southern districts."
Killing by Turks Has Been renewed, The New York Times, May 6, 1922. Source