How the Greeks of Mamora were expelled from their homes and scattered among the villages around Kermasti
or the unwritten testament of the Greeks who were forced to embrace Mohamedanism.

Relief Committee for Greeks of Asia Minor, 1918?
With an introduction by N.G. Kyriakides, Delegate of the Central Committee of Unredeemed Greeks, Athenes, Greece.

The Marmora (or Marmara) Island (today Marmara Adasi) is a large island in the Sea of Marmara situated some 100 km south-west of Constantinople (Istanbul). It was a purely Greek island whose population in the early part of the 20th century was 15,000 Greeks.  

In June of 1915, government officials began knocking on doors and advising Greeks that they were being deported to the Asia Minor mainland. They were sent to a place inhabited purely by Turks called Kermasti (today Mustafakemalpasa) situated some 60km to the interior of Asia Minor in the Bursa district. Others were sent to Apollonias and Michalitch.

This 13 page booklet comprises the testimony of Mr P.Theodosios who describes the persecution of the Greeks of Marmora which includes their deportation, assassinations and beatings, deprivation of adequate food,  forced taking of Greek girls by Turks and the destruction of their schools and churches.



Read it online

Further reading: The Deportations of Ottoman Greeks in 1915, American Embassy, August 10, 1915 (pdf)

David Lloyd George - Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.

“...tens of thousands of men, women and children have been deported, and tens of thousands have died. It was pure deliberate extermination.”

House of Commons, 4 August 1922.