SMYRNA'S RAVAGERS FIRED ON AMERICANS
COLLEGE PRESIDENT BEATEN.
New York Times
17 September 1922
On the waterfront crouch thousands of survivors who fear death in another form at the hands of the soldiery. There are no boats to take them off.
While the orphans were being loaded on the Litchfield, H.C. Jaquith , Director of Near East Relief, who came here recently from Constantinople, diverted the attention of the Turkish guards, giving them cigarettes and talking to them in their native tongue. These guards are under strictest orders not to permit the escape of any of the Greek or Armenian refugees, and on several occasions have shot to death fugitives endeavouring to reach outlying vessels by swimming.
Out of 300,000 Christians crowding the city prior to the descent of the Turks, only 60,000 have been evacuated. Kemalist officials have informed the American relief workers that the return of Christians to the interior meant certain death.